Labelled diagram of xylem tissue
The patient’s condition can be evaluated with an edema nephritic syndrome PPT. In addition, the patient is weighed, measured, and checked for vital signs. Pitting edema should be noted around the eyes, ankles, and dependent parts. The skin should be examined for redness or pallor, particularly in the male child. Treatment options depend on the patient’s age and severity.
Nephritic syndrome is characterized by the disruption of the glomerular filtration barrier. As a result, red blood cells, albumin, and large molecules are excreted in the urine. Other symptoms of glomerular hematuria are acanthocytes, a pathological feature of glomerulonephritis. When RBCs are deformed and distorted, they form casts. The protein Tamm-Horsfall is secreted by the renal tubular cells and excreted in the urine.
In children, nephritic syndrome may also cause hypertension. The blood pressure level at rest should be no higher than 140/90 mmHg. In addition, malaise and nausea may accompany nephritic syndrome. The urine will contain a high concentration of red blood cells, which leak out of the damaged glomeruli. For a free symptom assessment, download the Ada app.
In addition to proteinuria, nephritic syndrome is characterized by active urinary sediment, hyperlipidemia, and peripheral edema. In patients with nephrotic syndrome, the primary treatment is medical management pending a referral to a kidney specialist. A urine protein/creatinine ratio (RP/CR) should be used to determine whether proteinuria is present. Renal biopsy may help confirm the diagnosis, but it is not a requirement. Treatment usually includes sodium and fluid restriction and high-dose diuretic medications.